L.s.d. - Coinage
Here presents a brief historic background behind the coinage commonly last seen exchanged prior 1971 decimalisation. They date way back before Huthwaite itself invited mass employment, but were lastly seen exchanged among its broad array of shops. Not shown actual size, only relational each other, is full range of coins that all obversely portray our reigning Queen. Lineage of UK monarchs loosely suggests datings, until minting techniques improved detailing. Keen collectors can read more from the designs on reverse.
Collectively referred to as either Coppers, Brass or Silver, turned into modern cash or small change. Colour of cheaper lighter alloys for todays currency only reflects past use of far purer metals. Majority of these were in fact originally stamped from the finely weighted value of silver. Identified in ascending order of value, they nonetheless began with a denier penny defining 1d when most folk readily accepted one cut in half or less. All these remained sufficient to fill most wage packets into the 20th century. Earnings gradually improved to add higher denomination paper bank notes, after 1914 introduced 10/ shilling upwards replacing old gold.
1 Farthing = Quarter a Penny
A name literally derived from need to divide a penny up into fractional fourthings. Small silver farthings may date back from reign of Henry III. Sizes and material did vary through 17th century tin before reasserting copper coins minted from 1717. Replacement bronze coins had been slightly reduced in both thickness and diameter when they lastly measured 20mm during circulation up to 1956.
Amazingly these were not the lowest valued British coins. A Third Farthing
issued 1827 to 1913 aimed usage only in Malta.
and Half Farthing
issued for Ceylon in 1828 finds the latter as legal UK tender until 1869, when dismissing its insignificant worth.
Half Pence (or Ha'penny bit)
Weight in silver defined the earliest of these coins to be exactly worth half a penny. Successful introduction dates from reign of King Edward I. Varied alloy base altered size after. Copper coins offer minted dates from around 1838, before favouring bronze beyond 1860. This pre-decimal halfpenny ceased to be legal tender in 1969, passing on its later larger diameter to a newer current two pence piece.
Old coin is most fondly recalled for fairground Ha'penny shoves, and did last far longer than tiny newer half pence pieces introduced for 1971 decimalisation. They did slow price increments with accurate conversion from d to p, but 17mm reflected their insignificant worth.
Instead of welcome change, many were refused or lost. Inflation soon demonetised all ½ values, so all prices since 1984 are rounded up to nearest penny.
30 Pence / Half Crown (or Two and Six)
The gold Half Crown first issued in 1526 measured around 20mm diameter. Determined not of suitable size for its relatively high value, it was replaced in 1551 struck from silver. Variations were regularly issued until 1751. There's a long gap before the 1816 Great Recoinage reintroduced a 32mm silver coin. Cupronickel is the alloy used from 1947. The Two'n Six was demonetised 1st January 1970.
A 5 shilling Crown saw sporadically issue since 1464. Gold replacements offered descriptive names for a Half-Ryal, Rose Half Noble, Half Angel or Angelet, until inflated into fractional higher values. Silver Crowns were minted until an acute 18th century shortage. Reappearing after 1818 they were last struck in 1965, although like higher and numerous values above it, these were not common among Huthwaite. A decimal 25p reflected conversion, plus sizing for 5 pound coins afforded commemorations.
One fascinating source of reference covering all known UK coins is authoritatively compiled by Tony Clayton. His work reveals full vast array spanning far higher denominations minted from gold. This only highlights our most commonly known, which were lastly seen exchanged among various Huthwaite shops.